Epilepsy is a disorder that affects the brain, causing seizures. It may occur as a result of a genetic disorder or an acquired brain injury such as stroke or trauma.
During epilepsy, the affected person goes into an abnormal behavior and could lose consciousness sometimes, an epileptic patient during seizures, can also lose control of the bowel or bladder function.
Sometimes, a person can be said to be epileptic if he has experienced up to 2 or more unprovoked seizures.
You can identify a person with Epilepsy by
- Sudden falling for no obvious reasons.
- Fearful for no apparent reason.
- Involuntary repetitive movement.
- Changes in senses such as smell or touch.
- Inability to communicate temporarily.
- Periods of confused memory.
Epilepsy can come with scary moments, especially for people who haven’t witnessed it before.
If you are with someone having a seizure, here are simple steps you could take.
• Remain calm with the patient at a place
• keep them away from objects that may be harmful.
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• Put something soft under the bed and lose any tight clothing.
• Gently roll the person on the other side after the seizure stops.
When a person is having seizures, you can call for an ambulance, if:
• The seizure lasts for more than 5 minutes.
• If another seizure follows immediately.
• If the person is not responding for more than 5 minutes after the seizure ends.
For persons who already know about epilepsy or a loved one
• Have access to management tools- health team and medicare schedule.
• Take medicines that are anti-epileptic drugs.
• Surgery to remove a small part of the brain that causes seizures.
• Special diet (Ketogenic diet) that can help control seizures.
Always visit the hospital for regular check-ups and proper guidance.
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