Pneumonia is an infection that affects the lungs which lead to inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs called alveoli.
The alveoli when filled with fluid or pus make it difficult for a human to breathe.
Pneumonia is contagious and can be spread through inhalation of airborne droplets from the carrier or coming in contact with a contaminated surface.
Symptoms of pneumonia
Symptoms of pneumonia may vary in age, for children, they experience may experience:
- Fast breathing or wheezing
- Lack of appetite
- Weak appearance
- Chest pain
- Cough that gives green, yellow, or bloody mucus.
- Shortness of breath
- Dry cough
- Reduced appetite
Note: pneumonia symptoms can last longer than a normal symptom would last, you need to visit the hospital when symptoms exceed normal cold and flu.
There are risk factors that can enhance the degree pneumonia affects a person. Such include:
- Living in a crowded environment without proper hygiene.
- Excess alcohol
- Children under the age of two.
- Pregnant women because their immune system is not strong at its full strength.
- Adults over 65 years old.
When infected with pneumonia, ways to prevent pneumonia are:
- Stay in an environment with good hygiene.
- There should be proper ventilation in homes.
- Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol.
To Treat pneumonia, the carrier should:
- Always feed healthy
- Should be hydrated always.
- Get enough rest,
- Can take pain medicine and antibiotics to reduce the effect before seeing a doctor.
When unsure of any illness, it is best to visit the hospital for proper check up.